Nail Disorders Are Common
There are several different types of nail disorders. The most common nail disorder is clubbing of the nail, which occurs to all fingers and causes thickening of the soft tissue surrounding the nails. The diagnostic findings of clubbing of the nails include Schamroth sign. Nail Clubbing is a diamond-shaped opening when opposing digits are touched. The Lovibond angle is between the nail plate and the soft tissue surrounding it.
Infection, discoloration, and roughness can signify various conditions, including psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, and lichen planus. While the appearance of rough nails is often mistaken for fungal infection, it is crucial to be evaluated by a medical professional and undergo a nail biopsy. Essentially, ragged nails are caused by trauma to the nail, such as wearing tight shoes or running. The second toe is particularly susceptible, and chronic trauma can lead to a sublingual hematoma. Follow Us Here
Proximal subungual onychomycosis is a fungus that causes discoloration of the nail plate. It usually affects patients with systemic diseases that suppress the immune system. In this type of disease, the nail plate becomes discolored, but it does not affect the tip of the fingernail. The podiatrist will scrape off a portion of the nail and send it to a pathologist to identify the fungus. Another type of skin infection that causes abnormalities of the nails is squamous cell carcinoma, a cancer of the skin.
Symptoms of nail disorders include yellowing of the toenail and nail thinning or brittleness. Other causes of discoloration include a bacterial infection of the cuticle (paronychia) or fungal infection. Regardless of the cause, it can be challenging to get rid of. A podiatrist can remove the affected section with a local anesthetic.
Symptoms of nail disorders vary widely. In most cases, a patient with nail thinning or flat nails has an underlying medical problem. This is known as spoon nails and is a symptom of iron deficiency anemia. The inflamed, thin, and the discolored nail may indicate anemia. A doctor will perform an X-ray to diagnose the cause in such cases.
Onycholysis is when the nail has separated from the nail bed. In some cases, this can indicate a more severe disease, like an infection or skin rash. In some cases, excessive nail filing may also signify an underlying disease. Paronychia is an infection that results in throbbing and inflammation of the nail. It is essential to see a podiatrist if you notice any signs of onycholysis, as it may require treatment.
Onychorrhexis is a condition characterized by vertical ridges on the nails. The causes of this condition vary, but it is typically caused by exposure to chemicals or trauma. In some cases, it results from an underlying medical problem, such as anemia or hypothyroidism. Other nail conditions, including pseudomonas, are also characterized by a green discoloration of the nails.